Vitamin B12, Cyanocobalamin Or Cobalamin
What Is Vitamin B12?
Vitamin B12, also known as cyanocobalamin or cobalamin, is a water-soluble vitamin that is part of the B vitamin family. These vitamins help support adrenal function, maintain a healthy nervous system, are necessary for key metabolic processes, and are important to DNA synthesis.
Why Is Vitamin B12 Necessary?
This essential micronutrient affects the development and maintenance of red blood cells, nerve cells, and normal myelination (covering) of nerve cells. It also aids in the production of DNA, RNA, and neurotransmitters.
What Are The Signs Of A Vitamin B12 Deficiency?
Symptoms of a deficiency include fatigue, muscle weakness, shortness of breath, dizziness, numbness, heart palpitations, bleeding gums and mouth sores, nausea, poor appetite, and diarrhea. Vitamin B12 deficiency may present themselves slowly and may not be recognized for some time. A vitamin B12 deficiency can produce pernicious anemia, which can lead to memory loss, confusion and even dementia.
Since we obtain B12 only from animal foods in our diet, deficiencies tend to develop among strict vegetarians, especially vegan children, who eat no animal products. However, the elderly, and those who are unable to absorb vitamin B12 from the intestinal tract are also at risk, as well as those who are pregnant or who suffer hemorrhage or intestinal disorders.