Acupuncture For Hot Flashes?
Does acupuncture really relieve hot flashes? I’m at the end of my rope and would try anything that can put a stop to them or at least tone them down.
Andrew Weil, M.D. | April 28, 2016
Your frustration is shared by many women. Acupuncture has been studied as a treatment for hot flashes and may help in some cases. The latest scientific findings on this were published in January 2016 and come from a study conducted by Australia’s University of Melbourne. Investigators there enrolled 327 women over age 40 who reported at least seven moderate hot flashes daily. Half of the women were treated with 10 real acupuncture sessions over eight weeks, while the other half received 10 “sham” acupuncture sessions, in which the skin was not actually penetrated by a needle. The researchers reported that both procedures had the same effect: the frequency and severity of the hot flashes diminished by 40 percent in both groups, and the improvement continued for six months after treatment ended.
Why did the sham treatment work as well as real acupuncture? The placebo effect might have been responsible. Also, hot flashes tend to diminish normally over time.
Another study published in 2015 found that electroacupuncture worked better than the drug gabapentin in reducing hot flashes in breast cancer patients who were taking drugs to block estrogen. With electroacupuncture the needles are attached to a device that generates electrical pulses. The 120 women in the study were randomized to receive weekly electroacupuncture treatments, a once-a-day dose of gabapentin, sham acupuncture or a placebo pill for eight weeks. The researchers reported that electroacupuncture worked best – reducing hot flashes 25 percent better than sham acupuncture, the runner up, followed by gabapentin and the placebo pill. The women continued to record their hot flashes for 16 weeks after the treatments ended. At that time, those who had received electroacupuncture still reported the greatest reduction in hot flashes. The fact that sham acupuncture worked almost as well suggests that here, too, there may have been a placebo effect.
In addition to the two most recent studies, a 2014 Swedish review of the use of acupuncture for the relief of hot flashes in both men and women concluded that five to 12 weeks of treatment reduced symptoms by more than 43 percent and that the benefit lasted for at least three months.
While acupuncture might help, the most reliable form of relief for hot flashes in women remains hormone replacement therapy, which, in long-term use, poses unacceptable risks of breast cancer, stroke, and heart attack. I recommend low doses of bio-identical hormones for women who need short-term relief from frequent and intense hot flashes; while these hormones produce fewer side effects than conventional ones, they still present the same risks. Other options include the herb black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa), which is safe but doesn’t work for everyone, and whole soy foods, which contain phytoestrogens that may help. Try two servings daily of whole (organic) soy foods such as tofu, tempeh, edamame, soy nuts, or soy milk.
Andrew Weil, M.D.
Carolyn Ee et al, “Acupuncture for Menopausal Hot Flashes: A Randomized Trial.” Annals of Internal Medicine, January 19, 2015, doi:10.7326/M15-1380
Jun J. Mo et al, “Electroacupuncture Versus Gabapentin for Hot Flashes Among Breast Cancer Survivors: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial.” Journal of Clinical Oncology, August 24, 2015, doi: 10.1200/JCO.2015.60.9412