Q & A Library

Print this page | Sign up for free e-bulletins
 | Bookmark This Page

Shrinking Male Breasts?
I heard bugleweed may help with male breast reduction. I am 6 feet, 1 inch tall and weigh 210 pounds. I am otherwise healthy, but I can't seem to lose my bulbous breasts. I eat a healthy diet and exercise daily, including cardio and weight training for 30 to 60 minutes per day. Short of surgery, are there alternatives?
Answer (Published 4/13/2006)

Enlarged male breasts are pretty common, particularly among teenage boys: as many as 65 percent of 14-year-old boys have them. This condition, known as gynecomastia, stems from changes in the balance between the hormones testosterone and estrogen that occur in adolescence. (Both men and women produce these sex hormones; women have much more estrogen than testosterone, while men have more testosterone than estrogen.) In 90 percent of all cases affecting teenagers, the enlargement disappears within three years.

Related Weil Products
Dr. Weil's Vitamin Advisor for Men's Health - Many health issues men face, such as prostate cancer and erectile dysfunction, may be addressed with proper lifestyle and nutritional supplementation. Find out what is recommended for your health - get a free, personalized vitamin & supplement recommendation from Dr. Weil's Vitamin Advisor.

But it isn't uncommon for adult men to have enlarged breasts. The frequency has been reported at 36 percent among young military recruits and approximately 57 percent among men older than 50. The enlargement may be due to an accumulation of fat or it may be in glandular tissue. In the vast majority of these cases, the cause is unknown. However, a long list of pharmaceutical drugs including antidepressants and sedatives can cause gynecomastia, as can marijuana, alcohol, heroin, and the anabolic steroids used to improve athletic performance. If you're using steroids or other drugs known to cause male breast enlargement, giving them up may solve your problem. High consumption of soy foods may also contribute to changes in breast tissue because of the plant estrogens they contain. Finally, obesity can be responsible, because excess adipose tissue leads to increases in total body estrogen. In this case, weight loss can help correct the problem.

I've never seen any evidence suggesting that bugleweed (Lycopus virginicus) is useful for treating male breast enlargement. It is sometimes recommended for treatment of premenstrual syndrome as well as for insomnia and nervousness, and is said to relieve breast tenderness.

Conventional medicine uses a number of drugs to treat male breast enlargement, including Clomiphene, an antiestrogen that is used as a female fertility drug; and tamoxifen, an estrogen antagonist used to prevent breast cancer recurrence. Both are powerful drugs with frequent side effects and neither is 100 percent effective in treating gynecomastia. Before you consider taking any drug, I would suggest consulting an endocrinologist to find out if a hormone imbalance is responsible for your breast enlargement.

Breast reduction surgery is always an option if you are very self-conscious about your enlarged breasts. The operation is an outpatient procedure and usually involves the use of liposuction to siphon out excess fat as well as surgical excision, if necessary to remove glandular tissue. You may be able to return to work a day or two after the surgery.

Andrew Weil, M.D.

Creative Commons License Some Rights Reserved Creative Commons Copyright Notice
A portion of the original material created by Weil Lifestyle on (specifically, all question and answer-type articles in the Dr. Weil Q&A Library) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

The Weil Vitamin Advisor
Get your FREE personalized vitamin recommendation & supplement plan today!

Dr. Weil on Healthy Aging
Your Online Guide to the Anti-Inflammatory Diet. Start eating for your health - begin your free trial now.

Dr. Weil's Spontaneous Happiness
Achieve emotional well-being in just eight weeks! Start your 10-day free trial now!

Vitamin Library
Supplement your knowledge with Dr. Weil's essential vitamin facts. Learn why they are necessary and more.

Dr. Weil's Optimum Health Plan
Your 8-week plan to wellness.
Begin your journey today!

Dr. Weil's Head-to-Toe Wellness Guide
Your guide to natural health.
Use the Wellness Guide today!

Dr. Weil's Anti-Inflammatory Diet
Food Pyramid

Our interactive tool can help improve overall health through diet.

Condition Care Guide
Learn about health conditions from acne to vertigo, and Dr. Weil's view of the best treatment options for each.

Healthy Recipes
Discover a treasure trove of healthy, healing foods and creative, delicious ways to prepare them.

Q&A Library
Over 2,000 questions from you and their corresponding answers from Dr. Weil.

Copyright © 2015 Weil Lifestyle
Information on this web site is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for the advice provided by your physician or other healthcare professional. You should not use the information on this web site for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease, or prescribing any medication or other treatment.

Ad Choice
Advertising Notice

This Site and third parties who place advertisements on this Site may collect and use information about your visits to this Site and other websites in order to provide advertisements about goods and services of interest to you. If you would like to obtain more information about these advertising practices and to make choices about online behavioral advertising, please click here