Q & A Library
Overcoming Autoimmune Disorders?
My 16-year-old son seems plagued with autoimmune diseases. At age 13 he was diagnosed with myasthenia gravis, then with chronic urticaria, and now with Hashimoto's thyroid disease. He is on many medications. Is there any other way we can help him to manage all of this?
Answer (Published 6/14/2004)
I'm sorry to hear that your son has been challenged by so many autoimmune conditions. Myasthenia gravis is a chronic neuromuscular disease that causes muscle weakness that worsens during activity and improves with rest. The disorder can affect facial muscles (including eye and eyelid movement), chewing, talking, and swallowing. It occurs when the immune system produces antibodies that attack or destroy receptors for the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Like other autoimmune diseases, myasthenia gravis can go into remission temporarily, sometimes for long periods of time.
Urticaria is the medical term for hives, which can become chronic. Hives develop when the body releases, histamine, a regulatory chemical that dilates blood vessel walls and allows fluids to leak into surrounding tissues, which causes swelling and itching. This can happen as a result of an allergic reaction or might be an immune system reaction to components of skin.
Hashimoto's thyroid disease is the result of an immune system attack on the thyroid gland, causing damage that interferes with the normal production of thyroid hormones. Once diagnosed, the disorder can be treated with replacement thyroid hormones.
Because autoimmune diseases tend to flare up in response to emotional ups and downs, encourage your son to try some form of mind/body treatment - hypnosis may be especially helpful. Psychotherapy, biofeedback and guided imagery are also good options. You might try consulting a practitioner of homeopathy or Chinese medicine to get at the underlying problem. In addition, the following dietary changes may help:
Andrew Weil, M.D.
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